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Sullivan & Fowler, 2011

SULLIVAN, R.M., & FOWLER, D.W. (2011) Navajodactylus boerei, n.gen., n.sp. (Pterosauria, ?Azhdarchidae) from the Upper Cretaceous Kirtland Formation (Upper Campanian) of New Mexico. In: Sullivan et al. (eds.). "Fossil Record 3": New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 53: 393-404. [pdf]


Navajodactylus boerei gen. et sp. nov. is a new ?azhdarchid pterosaur from the Upper Cretaceous Kirtland Formation (Hunter Wash Member), San Juan Basin, New Mexico. The holotype consists of the proximal portion of a right 1st wing phalanx with a fused extensor tendon process. Comparison to other named and unnamed pterosaurs indicates that the morphology of the extensor tendon process can be used to differentiate pterosaur taxa. Navajodactylus boerei is characterized by having a well-developed extensor tendon process that covers 75% of the proximal articulation surface of the 1st wing phalanx, with a pronounced dorsal boss on the superior margin of the dorsal cotyle, and it has a shallow, open extensor tendon process saddle. The arc of metacarpal IV is large and occupies more than 50% of the proximal area of the dorsal cotyle on the extensor tendon process.

Navajodactylus boerei is a component of the Hunter Wash local fauna (Kirtlandian land-vertebrate age [LVA]), which is approximately 75 Ma (late Campanian). This age date is based on the stratigraphic position of the type locality which lies below ash 2, dated at 74.44 Ma, and above ash DEP, dated at 75.56 Ma. Navajodactylus boerei is also identified among the pterosaur material recovered from the the Dinosaur Park Formation, Dinosaur Provincial Park, Alberta, Canada. This material is late Judithian LVA and is dated approximately 76-75.3 Ma, an age slightly older than the age of the holotype.